Goa is a
tropical paradise that lies on the west coast of India
bathed by the warm waters of the Arabian sea. It is
unique in many ways but mostly due to its history and
geography that have left an indelible mark on its
people for generations.
Having been ruled by the colonial Portuguese for over
450yrs ( as compared to the rest of India that was
ruled by the British for 250yrs) there is still
visible a distinct Portuguese / European flavor that
has permeated all aspects of Goa's life including its
food, religion, language, festivals, dances and of
course names. This becomes apparent as soon as you
cross the border to Goa from India or elsewhere.
This unique blend of Indian and Portuguese culture is
to a large extent what makes Goa and the "Goan"
unique. Also unique is the fact that it is one of the
few colonies that India ( an ex- colony itself)
liberated in 1961 and this set the stage for
Today at the dawn of the "age of Information
Technology", as Goa enters the new millennium, it has
plenty to write about in terms of achievements, some
examples being- the highest per capita income in
India, the highest per personal savings rate in India,
the lowest infant mortality rate in India, one of the
highest literacy rate in India and one of the highest
standards of living as compared to the rest of India
The state capital is Panaji, in Ilhas taluka in
Winter: Ranges from 21 0C
Summer: 35 0C
Goa receives rainfall from the South West monsoon
winds between June and September. Rainfall received in
1998 was 3008 mm. This is also the tourist "OFF
Goa’s total population is around 1,169,793 (1991
census of India) The density of population is 316 per
SqKms. Most of Goa's population is rural ( 690,041), a
population is however urban ( 479,752).
Hindus account for a little more than 64.68 per cent
of the total population, Christians (Roman Catholics)
nearly 29.86 per cent and Muslims 5.25 percent of the
The remaining 1.21 percent comprise of other religions
including Buddhism, Jainism, Sikh etc. The scheduled
castes amount to 2 per cent of the population. There
scheduled tribes in Goa.
Language English, Portuguese, Konkani, Hindi
and Marathi. It has a literacy rate of 77%.
The state of Goa is located between Latitudes 15
degrees, 48'00" N and between 14 degrees, 53'54" N and
Longitudes 74degrees, 20'13" E and 73 degrees 40" 33"
E. It is 1,022 meters above sea-level.
It has a land area of 3702 Sq. Kms.
It has a coast line of 104kms
The Goan landscape is bisected by two major rivers
that open into the arabian sea; they are
a) The Zuari which is approximately 39 miles and
b) The Mandovi which is approximately 38.5 miles.
The other major rivers include the Tiracol, Chapora,
Sal and the Talpona rivers. All the rivers originate
in the Sayhadri ranges and flow westward into the
Arabian sea and are
navigable throughout the year.
Overall Goa's inland waterways are about 250kms
One third of Goa is covered by forests, the actual
number being 1424.38Sqkms. Of this the Government owns
1224.38Sqkms, the rest ( approx 200Sqkm ) is held by
For its size and topography, Goa is well connected
with roads both locally and nationally via the
National Highway system. The contributions are -
224.00 Kms, the State highways 232.00 Kms, Major
district roads 815.00 Kms, Village roads (surfaced)
2086.00 Kms and Village roads (un-surfaced) 1490.00
Aracanut, Cashew, Coconut, Forest Produce, Rice,
Millets and Sugarcane.
There is only one civilian airport at Dabolim near
Vasco which caters to the domestic and international